It was a beautiful day and my thoughts turned to the Minoans. What did they do each day? How did they create the first European civilisation? Why was that civilisation so wonderful? In all my years in Crete I have been to most of the Minoan sites, the palaces, the farmsteads, the villages and the ports. You see the remains of what they built so many years ago and are impressed. Particularly with Sir Arthur Evans reconstruction of Knossos. The wonderful frescoes and the works of art on the fine pottery they made. They seemed a cultured people, sensitive to the land and the passing of the seasons.
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Stone hand axes unearthed on the Mediterranean island of Crete indicate that an ancient Homo species — perhaps Homo erectus — had used rafts or other seagoing vessels to cross from northern Africa to Europe via at least some of the larger islands in between, says archaeologist Thomas Strasser of Providence College in Rhode Island. Several hundred double-edged cutting implements discovered at nine sites in southwestern Crete date to at least , years ago and probably much earlier, Strasser reported January 7 at the annual meeting of the American Institute of Archaeology.
Many of these finds closely resemble hand axes fashioned in Africa about , years ago by H.
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Mitova-Djonova, If you could somehow put Garlo almost anywhere on Sardinia it would be perfectly in place along side dozens of other Nuraghic tholos well temples and no one would ever raise the slightest question. But, almost freakishly, it oddly stands completely alone both chronologically and geographically as a stark singularity in the archaeology of the Balkans. Swimming deeply in probabilities I believe the most reasonable scenario is that Garlo identifies a resettlement of Sardinians in a region of western Bulgaria just north of the Aegean known for it’s mineral wealth in gold and silver at about the time of the fall of the Mycenaeans or the later cessation of the battles of the Sea Peoples.
The probability that Garlo could be a place where a group of the Sea Peoples migrated to is simply too high to ignore. Garlo could very well turn out to be the first archaeological site ever relatively securely identified with a resettlement of a group of the Sea Peoples in Europe. With a certainty this deeply misunderstood tholos structure will one day rightfully become a UNESCO world heritage site I believe a rigorous re-examination and analysis of the well temple and its associated excavated materials should be conducted.
With Garlo built on the side of a hill, new precision measurements of the tholos vault will provide a basis for determining its most probable original dimensions and allow for the correction of any distortion of the structure from ground movement, etc. Special emphasis should be given to collecting potentially datable samples from the site and re-examining the available excavated materials for the purpose of obtaining a valid, accurate chronological dating of the site’s original construction using the best and most appropriate dating methodologies available.
Until the results are in I can only assume from very strong reasonable probability that Garlo is a resettlement of Sea Peoples in Europe at the end of the Bronze Age.
Conspiracy theorists offer all manner of offbeat explanations including alien abduction, but in the case of these 12 societies, the causes were likely more mundane: The Indus Valley Civilization, Pakistan images via: Located in modern-day Pakistan, the Indus Valley Civilization thrived 4, years ago and was then forgotten but for local legends until ruins were excavated in the s.
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The International History Project Date: Archaeology studies past human behavior through the examination of material remains of previous human societies. These remains include the fossils preserved bones of humans, food remains, the ruins of buildings, and human artifacts—items such as tools, pottery, and jewelry. From their studies, archaeologists attempt to reconstruct past ways of life. Archaeology is an important field of anthropology, which is the broad study of human culture and biology.
Archaeologists concentrate their studies on past societies and changes in those societies over extremely long periods of time. However, archaeology is distinct from paleontology and studies only past human life. Archaeology also examines many of the same topics explored by historians. But unlike history—the study of written records such as government archives, personal correspondence, and business documents—most of the information gathered in archaeology comes from the study of objects lying on or under the ground Archaeologists refer to the vast store of information about the human past as the archaeological record.
The archeological record encompasses every area of the world that has ever been occupied by humans, as well as all of the material remains contained in those areas.
Did Crete have prehistoric connections with Norway in the Bronze Age? A Minoan message on a granite slab in Norway. Kongsberg is situated 80 km to the west of the Norwegian capital of Oslo. Johan Jarnaes holds university degrees in history, archaeology and languages. On a late evening in autumn Johan was out for a walk in the outlying fields surrounding the small town of Kongsberg. Due to the low sunlight he discovered some strange, unknown, signs on a flat granite slab.
Crete – what you need to know. The unspoiled delights and treats of Crete: hotels, villas, traditional small inns, best activities, guides, ferry and flight tickets, where you will find them and how to fully enjoy the uniqueness of Crete. With the discerning traveller in mind.
This happens because of the misinterpretation of the sources, or the biased Christian morality. People often disagree over the specific subject and that’s why average readers are often torn between two or more theories, presented in such a way that each one of them can be equally convincing. Such examples of controversy are the origin of the Greeks and the Greek alphabet, as well as the alleged homosexuality of the ancient Greek society. The sexual preferences of the Greeks were often represented in plenty of vases, dating mostly between the 6th and the 4th century B.
When looking at these illustrations it is logical to wonder whether this is mere pornography or just a kind of symbolism or religious character hidden behind all this. To begin with, there were vases of religious-devotional character, mostly associated with fertility both animal and vegetable , others had the role of warding off evil, and others were indeed intended to provide sexual stimulation.
There were finally some vases whose main purpose was humorous and where the artist painted his fancy, depicting mostly mythical creatures copulating in every possible way. The first category concerns vases of religious intention depicting the Holy Matrimony, i. The Holy Matrimony was a rural ritual aiming to ensure fertility and was associated with the cult of Dionysus.
Moreover, the Satyrs and the Sileni -mythical beings, companions of Dionysus , who were always depicted with an erection- were also symbols of fertility. Let us remember here that all ancient religions were extremely concerned with fertility, as all ancient societies were agricultural. The second category concerns vases which, through illustrations of the phallus, aimed at warding off evil.
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The decipherment of the Minoan language was published in see below. Modern Arabic is therefore a key to reading and understanding the Minoan Linear A-script and language, like Coptic was a key to reading and understanding the Egyptian hieroglyphs and their language. A startling discovery of a Minoan Linear A-inscription, probably more than years old, was accidently made in Norway in , engraved on the rock face of a Bronze Age cult site on the outskirts of the town of Kongsberg.
There is clear evidence that surface mining of native silver has been exploited at Kongsberg since the Early Bronze Age, and perhaps even before.
Talos Heraklion Attractions overview Heraklion is a modern and lively city steeped in history with numerous archaeological monuments bearing witness to the economic, spiritual and cultural development of past ages. Heraklion consists of the old city locked within the formidable Venetian walls, and the modern part, spreading from without the walls. To tour the old city one can start from the Venetian harbour where yachts and fishing boats now berth or from the Venetian castle of KOULES at the entrance of the old harbour built in the beginning of the fourth century.
The archaeological museum is situated on Eleftheria square freedom square , attracts world interest and houses treasures of unesteemable value of the Minoan age. During the present time the museum is temporarily closed due to renovations being done. Nevertheless the most significant exhibits are based in a specially reformed hall until renovations are complete.
There is no official deadline as to when the museum would be ready. The historical museum, is another spot for history addicts, housing treasures and artefacts emanating from Christian, Byzantine, Medieval and contemporary age of Crete, including works by the great painter Dominicus Theotokopoulos El Greko. Searching for the best Crete holiday deals is definitely a great idea to spend your vacation. Crete has plenty of things to offer to vacationers and travelers who want a fun and exciting getaway by the beach.
You and your loved ones will surely have a great time in this stunning island. They were first built in the 15th century whereas extensions and improvements were carried out during the 16th and 17th centuries.. The initial edifice was low, got destroyed by earthquake in and repaired Built during is one of the most impressive churches as regards size and position
Ancient sites in West Crete
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More than 70 circular stone Minoan tholos tombs have so far been found at about 45 archaeological sites on Crete. Most of these structures are located in and around the Mesara plain in south-central Crete.
During the Olympic Games, the city of Heraklion provided one of the venues for the football tournament. The first fortifications were built by the Arabs and were later reinforced by the Venetians 15th century. From the seven bastions, only the Martinengo bastion survives to this day; there visitors will find the tomb of the renowned writer N. Kazantzakis, overlooking the city. From the four gates to the city, only Chanioporta with the characteristic winged Lion of Saint Marc and the New Gate at the southern side survive today.
In the old Venetian port, next to the modern facilities, one can see the vaulted tarsanades where ships used to be built, while the western side is dominated by the Koule fortress 16th century. In the heart of the city there are many monuments dating to the Middle Ages, a period in which Heraklion witnessed great prosperity. From the port, ascending 25 Avgoustou August street, one reaches a square where the church of Agios Titos is found built in at the site where a Byzantine church once stood , while next to it lies the Venetian Loggia 16th century , a magnificent, ornate arcaded Venetian building decorated with blazons, trophies, etc.
A typical feature of Heraklion is its Venetian and Turkish fountains, scattered all around the city. Other noteworthy Venetian fountains are the Bembo fountain on Kornaros Square, the Sagredo fountain built in the northwestern corner of the Loggia, and Priuli fountain located near the port. Among the churches of Heraklion the one that stands out is the imposing and sizeable Metropolis of Agios Minas on Agia Ekaterini Square , built between Adjacent to it, stands the chapel of Mikros Agios Minas and on the northeast is situated the church of Agia Ekaterini 16th century , which functionsas a museum housing exhibits from the Cretan Renaissance.
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I have to stress that in the case of the Phaistos Disc, there is not a single word to be officially deciphered. Disc has diameter of 15 cm and both sides are covered by signs arranged in a spiral. Its purpose, meaning and place of production were unknown till now.
Crete’s stunning beauty is only matched by its rich history. The island’s vibrant shores offer blissful peace and quiet on an island getaway, but if you are looking for more of a buzz, the beaches of Hersonissos, Elounda and Aghia Marina offer an altogether different atmosphere. Thrill-seeking holidaymakers looking for nonstop adventure will love the many water sports offered across the island.
It’s not much more than a staging post for tired walkers as they trickle out of the gorge or the disembarkation point for those heading into the gorge for the heavily advertised shorter walking trips. Agia Roumeli has along, thin strip of pebble and shingle that drops very steeply into the sea. Sunbed umbrellas offer the only shade at this very exposed spot.
Loutro beach Crete Tavernas Beach at Loutro Little more than a stopping place for passing boats the port at Loutro has no road access and all visitors arrive on daily boats. Perched in a horseshoe bay and overshadowed by looming cliffs. Loutro suffers from the lack of a decent beach – it is just a small and exposed strip of pebble and shingle west of the harbour.
The Minoans raised cattle , sheep , pigs and goats , and grew wheat , barley , vetch and chickpeas. They also cultivated grapes , figs and olives , and grew poppies for seed and perhaps opium. The Minoans also domesticated bees. Pear , quince , and olive trees were also native.
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BLOG Ancient sites in West Crete Crete is a very old place, with layer upon layer of civilization, and accordingly there are many ancient sites all over the island. You will not find many Minoan remains in West Crete, at the most a few walls here and there for example in Kanevaro St. Roman and Hellenistic ruins are more widespread but few excavations have been conducted, meaning that most ancient sites do not offer much to see to the visitor. The following places are however worth a visit: Falassarna Situated about 55 km west of Chania, Falassarna is best known for its nice beach and very clean sea.
To the north of the beach 10 minutes on foot , you can see the remains of an ancient harbour dating back to the late Minoan period. The settlement was inhabited during the Hellenistic and Roman period and was probably abandoned when the island moved upwards by several meters. The harbour is now almost 8 meters above the sea level.
There is an interesting “throne” its function is unclear and a sarcophagus in its vicinity. A little further to the north are the remains of a quarry it was first thought to be a harbour basin , a round tower and the remains of houses. These are being excavated at the moment. It is also worth walking up the hill, through barely visible remains of houses.