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On 21 March each member of a corps in the Army of the Potomac was assigned a unique insignia to wear on his cap, front or side or left breast so that he could be identified easily on the battlefield. The identification insignia idea was adopted by Maj. Joseph Hooker after he assumed command of the Army of the Potomac, so any soldier could be identified at a distance. Daniel Butterfield, Hooker’s chief of staff, was assigned the task of designing a distinctive shape for each corps badge. Butterfield also designated that each division in the corps should have a variation of the corps badge in a different color generally red for the first division, white for the second division and blue for the third division. Corps with added divisions used green for the fourth and orange for the fifth divisions.. The Union Army fielded 25 corps, each designated with a roman numeral, i.


Metal These buttons were made from a variety of pure metals and alloys. Though you may find an occasional sterling, gold or pewter button, most metal buttons were made from brass and copper. CC- if these buttons are one- piece they can be cleaned with water and dried quickly. If the metals was iron or steel these are magnetic0 the metal will rust if it gets wet, do not use water on these buttons.

Try rubbing with a soft cloth to clean and polish the surface.

Each piece of my antique fashion jewelry contains a Victorian antique button, dating from – These selected based on its artistic beauty, authentic materials, and age. Every antique button has a history and story to it. Many of the buttons are pictures from opera scenes, fairy tales, and mythology or city settings. The [ ].

Buttons come in many styles Courtesy Button Country. The button—with its self-contained roundness and infinite variability—has a quiet perfection to it. Running a cascade of buttons through your fingers feels satisfyingly heavy, like coins or candy; their clicking whoosh and blur of colors lull you. A button packs an extraordinary amount of information about a given time and place—its provenance—onto a crowded little canvas. Courtesy Portable Antiquities Scheme.

The earliest known button, writes Ian McNeil in An Encyclopedia of the History of Technology , “was originally used more as an ornament than as a fastening, the earliest known being found at Mohenjo-daro in the Indus Valley [now Pakistan]. It is made of a curved shell and about years old. Advertisement Along with brooches, buckles, and straight pins, buttons were used in ancient Rome as decorative closures for flowing garments.

However, none of these options worked perfectly. Pins poked unsightly holes into precious fabrics.

Button Identification and Cleaning by Christen Brown

Combination tool used on the Sharps conversions. This one has a broken screw tip. Barn condition M55 bayonet with partial leather scabbard remaining. This one is marked US and the blade and socket are rusted.

Button Cleaning & Preservation By: true at sites which predate the turn of the 20th century. Most of these fall into one of several types: one-piece flat buttons, two-piece buttons, pewter buttons, or tombac buttons. (I’d recommend the books Dating Buttons and Uniform Buttons of the United States by Warren K. Tice for some good.

Scientists say there are over , species of flowers that have been documented and are existing in the 21st Century. During this time, an intricate assortment of more than , species has developed. But scientists have yet to answer basic questions about these marvels of beauty What led to their amazing diversity? Are there flowers that have not changed much during the evolution of this planet?

The first plant fossils found were woody magnolia-like plants dating back 93 million years. Paleobotanists have more recently uncovered tiny herb-like flower fossils dating back million years. Flowering plants, called angiosperms by scientists, were believed to be already diverse and found in most locations by the middle of the Cretaceous Period. A myriad of images of preserved flowers and flower parts have been found in fossils located in Sweden, Portugal, England, and along the Eastern and Gulf coasts of the United States.

Below are a few flowers which have a long history. As we know them today, flower arrangements represent an amalgamation of two styles: The European style arrangements from which we borrowed were filled with large numbers of flowers rich in various colours, and are referred to as ‘Mass Arrangements’. In contrast, the Oriental styles emphasized simplicity, containing few flowers and conservative colours, and, as they emphasized lines instead of masses, are known as ‘Line Arrangements’.

Southern State Buttons

Usually worn around the neck 23 Fire lighting kit including flint and striker and tinder 24 Yard of match — the cord that burns to give fire to the gun 26 Worm — for clearing blockages 27 Ramrod 28 Bag of 20 caliver lead balls 29 Caliver – before Elizabeth I came to the throne in gunsmiths around the country would make the muskets used in battle to their own specifications. The new queen insisted on standardisation, and so the bore caliver was introduced 30 Money bag with gold coins New Model Army musketeer, Battle of Naseby 1 Latchet shoes – straight lasted shoes, i.

The NMA was the first to try and standardise equipment and equip its soldiers with a standard coat.

Ornamental buttons dating back between BCE have been found in the Indus Valley Civilization, Rome and China During the World Wars, the British and U.S. military used button lockets which were buttons constructed like lockets to store compasses.

The origin of the word Pewter is not fully known, but it is probably an English modification of the word spelter. It was adopted with only slight variation by most of the continental European nations. At an early period Europeans became very fond of pewter wares. The word pewter became peauter in Dutch, peutre, peautre or piautre in French, peltro in Italian and peltre in Spanish. Roman pewter, the oldest known, which has been uncovered at various sites in England and elsewhere, was composed of tin and lead alone.

Occasional traces of iron are believed to be accidental. Some people think of Pewter as a cheap substitute for Sterling silver but this it is not. Pewter is a splendid metal with its own merits and qualities that make it a fine precious metal for both decorative and practical applications. It became popular in kitchen ware such as plates, mugs, and utensils.

Antique and Vintage Buttons

Some helpful notes by Roger Revell: Many of the buttons made are for military uses and represent every individual regiment. Civilian uses include those used for uniforms for public servants, livery, club and society, schools, colleges, hunts, shipping lines, sporting clubs, corporation, transport and tramway together with those on domestic blazers.

Confederate State Buttons; Photo Item # Albert’s Code Description Size Price; cs AB1: NEW Alabama State is a good one! These were even rare in the “Old Days,” and are, now, nearly impossible to locate with all the increased interest in collectible Civil War buttons.

Books – Selections of interest to those getting started in Historical Woodsrunning and Reenactment. Buttons – A good selection of Pewter Buttons dating from the mid th through the early 19th century, 23 to choose from. Also, Bone, Horn and Pearl Buttons. Catalog – Hardcopy catalog with a detailed listing of our wares, as well as sundry bits of ancient and useful information for historical woodsrunners.

Compass – Mid th century era Brass Sundial Compass with cover, approx. Containers – Muslin Bags in a variety of sizes, suitable for storing victuals and small items, Burlap Sacks suitable for carrying and storing clothing and larger items, Round Friction Cover Tins in 1 oz. Deerskin – Artificial Braintan Deerskins. Dye – Logwood Dye Crystals and Powder. Provisions – Dried foods common during the early American Frontier period, and well-suited for Historical Trekking.

Soaps – Traditional Handmade Lye Soaps; 3. Castile Bars, Unscented and 5 Scented Varieties. Textiles – Plain Weave Hemp Textiles in 5 oz. Text Only Catalogue – A complete listing of our goods in “. Printable Orderform – If you don’t want to order on-line, you can print out a form and either call or mail your order in.

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The examples shown are from the collections of National Button Society members who have collaborated in this educational effort. Each thumbnail below is labeled by NBS material or type. Clicking on the thumbnail will take you to examples of buttons in that section as defined in the current NBS Classification and Competition Guidelines Blue Book. Each button in the individual sections is labeled according to the Blue Book class or subclass being illustrated.

Some labels include additional attributes but there is no intention to identify all features.

One Response to “Pewter ” jeff cullen January 3, Hi, I have an unusual (I think) type of pewter candle holder. It is a small plate, 5/8 inches in diameter, with 5 lobes, double reeded with an incised line for the border.

Maybe in his free time he will be able to champion this section and provide the revolutionary war button community a historic perspective with adding information relevant to the buttons we post. With the RRN Molds he was able to dig, we are able to have a real starting point into the American theatre. There will be times when Rick or I will add small sections of context information in-between. To begin this section properly, we are going to start with the King George III knowledge and the steps he took in preparation to the colonists revolts.

So, opening Forward will be in chronological order of Mr. Rhode Island Royal Navy:

Metal Buttons

There was a series of prior events that were being played out in the Colonies which led up to the heightened breaking point of the Patriots suffrage which lead up to Skirmishes on the Greens of Lexington and Concord. Rebellious acts taking place in all the colonies by Patriots fueled the fires of discontent months prior to the Second Continental Congress actions to authorize a standing army under George Washington. Also, four Major-Generals were commissioned: When the American Revolutionary War reached a feverish breaking point with the skirmish on the Greens of Lexington and Concord on April 19, , the patriots did not have a formal organized supplied army.

Federal infantry button, script I over star, (GI36small-blankFlatPreManufacture), (one part flat button, cast pewter, hat or sleever size, 14mm). Button was intended for infantry and depicts script with star below in an oval.

Stanley Snouffer located these artifacts in northern Maryland in October, This is the first Civil War artifact he ever found. He did not find any bullets! What a way to start out relic hunting! Dave Baker recovered this Union officer’s spur, breast plate, and a Gardner explosive bullet in northern Maryland with his Teknetics T2. Explosive bullets were used in only two battles:

Copeland Spode Chinese Rose